Our Tinta de Toro vines make up approximately 32 hectares divided into 4 subplots with their traditional names: Rompesedas, El Salgadero, Los Lastros, and Las Parvas.
We can proudly say ours are among the oldest vines in Spain, several are at least 130 years old.
Since the very beginning, we searched for the oldest and best plots in the area. However, just being old is no guarantee that the vines will produce great wines. They require intense work and painstaking care to extract the best from Nature.
In terms of planting, the frame distance must be 3 meters due to the fact that the soil in Toro is so poor, other experiment have so far proved ineffective. Also replanting is very relevant. Most of our vines survived phylloxera but still suffer from the so-called “yesca”, a disease that affects the wood of the vine due to fungi, common in the practice of sustainable agriculture with not artificial pesticides. When the healing treatments are not successful, we need to replace those plants to maintain the density and ensure harmonious management of the fields.
Every single soil represents an enigma to be analyzed, a hieroglyph that needs to be deciphered.
Only the experience acquired over the ages, the heritage of our ancestors and science will provide us with the code to understand how our soil must be treated. The soil in Toro is completely different from others, ideal for low average rainfall areas. It is basically composed of sandy loam and gravels on the surface, below it is rocky.
This allows perfect drainage. Several meters underground there is a layer of clay. Where the drained water is retained. The roots of the vine penetrate deep to find this lifegiving natural reservoir. Sometimes, in some plots, we need to encourage this drainage by drilling down through the soil. Frequent ploughing also helps this process as in DO Toro irrigation is forbidden.
The number of buds left in each plant and the length of the shoots will clearly determine the future balance between quantity and fruit maturation and also the vigor of the plant. Only experts and indigenous winegrowers are able to interpret all these factors.
Therefore, we always use natural and organic manure to provide the vine with the nutrients needed. Again, balance is paramount: an excess of manure would benefit the strength of the plant at the expense of the quality of grapes.
The lower acidity levels in Toro wines are widely known. So we need to closely control the ripening and carry out an early harvest, among the first wineries in the región, to obtain more acidity.
All our team and relatives join to hand-pick the grapes and carry them in 15-kilo cases. It is exciting to check the quality of the vintage every year: how the weather has affected it and the way our intervention helped to improve the quality. You are always welcome to experience this!
In Toro, we have an extreme continental climate, with some Atlantic influences. Summers are long and hot, while the winter is cold.
With a total between 350 and 400 liters of rain per year, the rainfall average is light and makes Toro one of the driest winemaking regions in Spain.
The temperatures may vary easily from one extreme to another: ranging from -11°C in Winter (November to March) to 37°C in Summer (June to September). A huge thermal variation is also found between day and nght.
During a year, the vineyard may receive between 2600 hours to 3000 hours of sunlight.